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Q&A #1: Greeting the Month of Ramaḍān

Question: Please brothers, can someone assist me. I have seen phrase ihya Ramadan being used. What does it mean? Also it seems that Muslims are taking to wishing each other on the arrival of Ramadhan. Although individual it is good for a servant to feel humbled and thankful to الله جل وعلا on the chance to be in Ramadhan again, the act of greeting one another with Ramadhan Kareem and the likes seems to be growing each year. Is there a permissable way of greeting a brother and to express joy of Ramadhan which was done by the Salaf?

I Do Not Know Anything Specific To Welcome Ramaḍān
لا أعلم شيئا معينا لاستقبال رمضان

Question: “Are there any specific legislated acts a Muslim should do to welcome the [arrival of the] month of Ramaḍān?”
س: هل هناك أمور خاصة مشروعة يستقبل بها المسلم رمضان؟
Answer: Ramaḍān is the best month of the year because Allāh, Exalted be He, has singled it out by making fasting obligatory in it, and by making it the fourth pillar from the pillars of Islām. He also legislated that the Muslims pray in its nights since the Prophet ﷺ said: “Islām is built on five (pillars): testifying to (the fact) that there is no god worthy of worship except Allāh, that Muḥammad is the Messenger of Allāh, establishing the Prayer, paying the Zakaah, Pilgrimage to the House (Kaʿbah) and fasting [the month of] Ramaḍān.” [Reported by Bukhārī and Muslim] And he ﷺ said “Whoever (establishes the month of Ramaḍān –by fasting and performing all types of righteous action) with the belief (that it is legislated by Allāh), and hoping for reward, He (Allāh) will forgive him for his previous sins.” [Al-Bukhārī & Muslim]
ج: شهر رمضان هو أفضل شهور العام؛ لأن الله سبحانه وتعالى اختصه بأن جعل صيامه فريضة وركنا رابعا من أركان الإسلام، وشرع للمسلمين قيام ليله؛ كما قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: «بني الإسلام على خمس: شهادة أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمدا رسول الله، وإقام الصلاة، وإيتاء الزكاة، وصوم رمضان، وحج البيت». متفق عليه. وقال عليه الصلاة والسلام: «من قام رمضان إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه ». متفق عليه.
I do not know of anything specific to welcome Ramaḍān except that the Muslim receives it with happiness, delight and thanks [shukr] to Allāh that He has allowed him to reach Ramaḍān, and that He has granted him success in allowing him to be from the people who are alive to see it and who are competing to perform good deeds during it—for [even] reaching Ramaḍān is a tremendous blessing from Allāh. For this reason the Messenger ﷺ would give his companions the glad tidings of the upcoming Ramaḍān and clarified to them its virtues, and that which Allāh has prepared a great reward for those who fast and stand (in voluntary prayer at night). It is legislated that the Muslim welcomes this precious month with sincere repentance and by preparing to fast and stand to pray in it with a sincere intention and truthful resolve.
ولا أعلم شيئا معينا لاستقبال رمضان سوى أن يستقبله المسلم بالفرح والسرور والاغتباط وشكر الله أن بلغه رمضان، ووفقه فجعله من الأحياء الذين يتنافسون في صالح العمل، فإن بلوغ رمضان نعمة عظيمة من الله. ولهذا كان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يبشر أصحابه بقدوم رمضان مبينا فضائله وما أعد الله فيه للصائمين والقائمين من الثواب العظيم. ويشرع للمسلم استقبال هذا الشهر الكريم بالتوبة النصوح والاستعداد لصيامه وقيامه بنية صالحة وعزيمة صادقة.
Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz bin ʿAbd Allāh bin Bāz, Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá 15/9
ابن باز، مجموع فتاوى ١٥/٩


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