Scroll Top

Q&A #2: The Intellect Should Not Contradict the Established Texts

Question: السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته Can you give me the dalil from Ijabatus Sa’il 367-368, narrated by Shaykh Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi’i رحمه الله?

It says something like this : “If by logic alone is enough, then Allāh will not send the Apostles and pass down the book” Or mention me another dalil that similar like that if youre able إن شاء الله‎ Thank you! Jazak Allāh khayran.

Answer: و عليكم السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

A Refutation of Those Who Solely Rely on the Intellect
الرد على العقلانيين

Question: “With what are those who oppose evidences with logical rhetoric to be refuted?”
الذين يعارضون الأدلة بالمعقولات بماذا يرد عليهم؟
Answer: Those who oppose evidences with logic are refuted with that which the Prophet ﷺ and his Companions were upon.
الذين يعارضون الأدلة بالمعقولات يرد عليهم بما كان عليه النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – والصحابة.
Then it should be known that they are only under the delusion that it is (their) logical reasoning that they are following, but in reality, it is wasāwas (whispers of the shayṭān) and not logic, because the sound intellect does not oppose an explicit text.
ثم ينبغي أن يُعلم أنهم يتوهمون أنها معقولات، وفي الحقيقة هي وساوس وليست بمعقولات، لأن العقل الصحيح لا يخالف النقل الصريح.
Thus, they are answered with what the Messenger was upon ﷺ. He (The Messenger) would be asked and Allāh would reveal (from) the Qurʾān. If the intellect were sufficient, Allāh would not have sent the Messengers, nor would He have sent down the Books; but the intellect always (needs) see through the light of the kitāb (Book) and the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ.
فيجاب عليهم بما كان النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – يسأل فينزل الله قرآنا، ولو كان العقل كافيا ما أرسل الله رسلاً، وما أنزل الله كتبا، ولكن العقل يستنير بكتاب الله وبسنة رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم-.

And some of the stubborn opinionated ones had come to the Prophet saying (as Allāh said): {He said Who will give life to these bones when they have rotted away and became dust?} [Yāsīn 36:78]

وقد جاء بعض المعاندين: ” قال من يحيي العظام وهي رميم “
Did the Prophet ﷺ delve into philosophy or He said: Say: (O Muḥammad ﷺ) {He will give life to them Who created them for the first time! And He is the All-Knower of every creation!} [Yāsīn 36:79]
فهل تفلسف له النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – أم قال الله: ” قل يحييها الذي أنشأها أول مرة وهو بكل خلق عليم “،
And thus were the verses of the Qurʾān revealed unto the Prophet in many of the affairs and in many of the occurrences.
وهكذا أيضا الآيات القرآنية تنزل على النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – في كثير من الأمور وفي كثير من الحوادث.
The Lord of Honour and Glory in His Honourable Book said: {Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book (the Qurʾān) which is recited to them?} (al-ʿAnkabūt 29:51) The Book of Allāh is sufficient for us.
ورب العزة يقول في كتابه الكريم: ” أولم يكفهم أنا أنزلنا عليك الكتاب يتلى عليهم “، كفانا كتاب الله.

And Allāh -Exalted and Most High is He- said: {This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islām as your religion} (al-Māʿidah 5:3)

ويقول الله سبحانه وتعالى: ” اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا “،

Also, al-Imām al-Bukhārī rahimahullāh included in the Book of Adherence, a chapter: “That which The Prophet ﷺ Was Upon – He Would Be Asked and Would Not Answer With Opinion Nor With Logic”

والإمام البخاري رحمه الله تعالى يعقد في كتاب (الاعتصام) بابا: باب ما كان عليه النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – يسأل فلم يجب برأي ولا قياس،
And he stated incidents, from them is the question of Jābir when he said: “O Messenger of Allāh, you see what has befallen me, and I have only sisters (and no offsprings to inherit me, what happens to my sisters regarding my wealth)?”
وذكر وقائع منها: سؤال جابر أنه قال: يا رسول الله قد نزل بي ما ترى ولي أخوات؟
Then Allāh revealed: They ask you for a legal verdict. {Say: “Allāh directs (thus) about Al-Kalālah (those who leave neither descendants nor ascendants as heirs)…} (Al-Nisā’ 4:176).
فأنزل الله تعالى: ” يستفتونك قل الله يفتيكم في الكلالة “،
Such was the situation and other than it. The Jews also came – al-Bukhārī mentioned this too – when they came to ask the Prophet about ar-Rūh (the Spirit).
وهكذا أيضا غيرها من الأمور، فاليهود – ذكر هذا أيضا – عند أن جاءوا يسألون رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – عن الروح
He kept quiet and then Allāh revealed: {And they ask you (O Muḥammad ﷺ) concerning the Rūḥ (the Spirit); Say: “The Rūḥ (the Spirit): it is one of the things, the knowledge of which is only with my Lord. And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a little} (al-Isrā’ 17:85) The Prophet ﷺ never used to answer with his opinion nor with logic.
فسكت فأنزل الله سبحانه وتعالى: ” ويسألونك عن الروح قل الروح من أمر ربي وما أوتيتم من العلم إلا قليلا “، فلم يكن النبي – صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم – يجيب برأي ولا قياس.
Then (in the end) those who philosophize in and with the dīn of Allāh always regret there actions. Ar-Rāzī (who was one of the leading Philosophers in his time) says (in some lines of poetry from his famous poetry with which he refuted philosophy in the dīn, at the end of his life):
ثم بعد ذلك الذين تفلسفوا في دين الله في نهاية أمرهم أسفوا على أعمالهم يقول الرازي:
“The ultimate result of (delving into matters of the unseen with intellect) is iʿqāl (a rope used to tie a camel, i.e the intellect will be tied away from reaching the truth), and the end of our lives (Philosophers’) is suffering and and evil consequences
نهاية إقدام العقول عقال وغاية دنيانا أذى ووبال
And our souls are desolated from our bodies, and the goal of those who struggled (in philosophy and rhetorics) is misguidance
وأرواحنا في وحشة من جسومنا وغاية سعي العالمين ضلال
And we did not benefit a thing all our lives, except that all we gathered were qīla qa qāla” (hearsay)…”
ولم نستفد من بحثنا طول عمرنا سوى أن جمعنا فيه قيل وقال
No one goes into this (philosophy/rhetoric) except a loser. And we do/should not deny the blessings of Allāh and the ʿaql (intellect). Allāh has favoured you with intellect however, do not use it to oppose the kitāb and Sunnah, rather use it to understand the kitāb and the Sunnah. And Allāh al-Musta’ān (it is Allāh alone from whom aid can be sought).
وما يذهب إلى هذا إلا مفلس، ولسنا ننفي نعمة العقل، الله أنعم عليك بعقل لكن لا لتعارض به الكتاب والسنة بل لتفهم به الكتاب والسنة والله المستعان.
From the book: Ijābah al-Sāʿil p. 367-368
راجع كتاب: (إجابة السائل ص 367 – 368)
16th Ṣafar 1433H
16 صفر 1433هـ

al-Imām Muqbil b. Hādī al-Wādiʿī / مقبل بن هادي الوادعي


Related Posts

Leave a comment